A new Refinery, with a capacity of 10 Mio. Tons of crude oil per year, is under construction on an area of about 2.300 hectare. Keller Grundbau won the contract to execute the slope stabilization for two locations of the project, with test loads for the permanent anchors up to 3700 kN. Due to the geographical location of the project, close to a tectonic fault zone and, moreover, in between 2 volcanos, highly heterogeneous soil conditions, including pressured groundwater were the main challenges for the drilling works of the permanent ground anchors. To fulfil the design requirements, multiple strand anchors with three-bond length, up to 16 strands were used, after an intensive testing program, and manufactured directly at site. The testing included two multiple anchors fully equipped with glass fibre sensors to investigate the load distribution behaviour with an outstanding resolution. The main goal was to get the full picture of the strain distribution along the whole length of the anchor, in the strand as well as in the ground – grout interface. This kind of measurement technique allows a real time monitoring with an accuracy of the measured strain of ±1.0 µm/m. In the following paper the results of the glass fibre measurement and the details of the multiple anchor design are discussed.
Franki Africa – A Keller Company, in collaboration with SAICE Durban Branch arranged a Site Visit to the Clairwood Logistics Park Project on the 22nd June 2018 and would like to thank SAICE Durban Branch and all the guests who attended the Site Visit and Technical Presentation by Dr. Nicol Chang, at the Clairwood Logistics Park - Ground Improvement Project.
Every day, people around the world live, work and play on ground prepared by Keller. Used alone or in combination, our techniques solve a wide range of geotechnical challenges across the entire construction spectrum – from industrial and commercial to housing, infrastructure and environmental projects.
What do you do when the ground you need to drill can't be reliably checked for unexploded ordnance? When Keller Grundbau (Germany) faced this problem on one of Europe’s biggest projects, we came up with an unusual idea: freezing the ground with liquid nitrogen.